Wood Grains

Wood Grains and Wood Textures 

The wood grain is the direction of wooden cells which appears on its surface. It depends upon the rate of the growth of cells and cell sizes. It is also the alternative regions of comparatively darker and lighter wood resulting from different seasonal growth parameters.

The two major grain types are Straight Grain and Cross Grain. Straight grain runs parallel with the piece’s longitudinal axis. Cross-grain deviates in two ways from the longitudinal axis, i.e spiral grain or diagonal grain. The amount of deviation is called the slope of the grain.

All trees species may have one of the following basic wood grain descriptions and types

Straight Grain

Which runs in a single direction, parallel to the axis of the tree. Woods with these grains are the easiest to work.

Spiral Grain

Which spirals around the axis of the tree.

Interlocked Grain

Which spirals around the axis of the tree, but reverses its direction for periods of years resulting in alternating directions of the spiral grain.

Wavy Grain

Which grows in a wavy fashion up the trunk.

Irregular Grain

Which swirls or twists. It can be found in a number of different patterns. This can be caused by factors such as knots, burls or “crotch” wood – where large branches separate from the trunk.

In woodworking, this physical aspect of the wood grain is considered most while cutting the wood. Here we explain the application of the woodworking techniques apply to a given wood piece.

  • With the Grain – Easy; gives a clean result
  • Against the Grain –  Heavy going; gives a poor result such as chipping or tear-out
  • Across the Grain – Direction of cut is across the grain lines, but the plane of the cut is still aligned with them
  • End Grain – The grain of wood seen when it is cut across the growth rings (at right angles to the grain, for example trimming the end of a plank)

Types of Wood with Grain and Textures

Abura Wood Grain

Afata Wood Grain

Afrormosia Wood Grain

Afzelia Wood Grain

Ailanthus Wood Grain

Ajo Wood Grain

Albizia Wood Grain

Alder European Wood Grain

Alder Nepalese Wood Grain

Alder Red Wood Grain

Algarrobo Blanco Wood Grain

Almendro Wood Grain

Amboyna Wood Grain

Amendoim Wood Grain

Andiroba Wood Grain

Angelim Vermelho Wood Grains

Anigre Wood Grain

Anjan Wood Grain

Apple Wood Grain

Apricot Wood Grain

Araracanga Wood Grain

Ash Black Wood Grain

Ash Blue Wood Grain

Ash European Wood Grain

Ash Green Wood Grain

Ash Mountain Wood Grain

Ash Olive Wood Grain

Ash Oregon Wood Grain

Ash Pumpkin Wood Grain

Ash Swamp Wood Grain

Ash Tamo Wood Grain

Ash White Wood Grain

Aspen Bigtooth Wood Grain

Aspen European Wood Grain

Aspen Quaking Wood Grain

Avodire Wood Grain

Balau Wood Grain

Balsa Wood Grain

Banksia Wood Grain

Basswood Grain

Batai Wood Grain

Bamboo Wood Grain

Beech American Wood Grain

Beech European Wood Grain

Beefwood Grain

Beli Wood Grain

Bendee Wood Grain

Birch Alaska Paper Wood Grain

Birch Alder-Leaf Wood Grain

Birch Baltic Wood Grain

Birch Downy Wood Grain

Birch Gray Wood Grain

Birch Masur Wood Grain

Birch Paper Wood Grain

Birch River Wood Grain

Birch Silver Wood Grain

Birch Sweet Wood Grain

Birch Yellow Wood Grain

Blackwood African Grain

Blackwood Australian Grain

Blackwood Burmese Grain

Blackwood Malaysian Grain

Bloodwood Grain

Bloodwood Red Australian Grain

Bocote Wood Grain

Bois De Rose Wood Grain

Bosse Wood Grain

Box Elder Wood Grain

Box Gray Wood Grain

Box Yellow Wood Grain

Boxwood Grain

Boxwood Castelo Grain

Brazilwood, Briar Wood Grain

Brigalow Wood Grain

Brownheart Wood Grain

Bubinga Wood Grain

Buckeye Wood Grain

Buckthorn Wood Grain

Bulletwood Grain

Buloke Wood Grain

Butternut Wood Grain

Camelthorn Wood Grain

Camphor Wood Grain

Canarywood Grain

Catalpa Wood Grain

Cedar Australian Red Wood Grain

Cedar Spanish Wood Grain

Chakte Viga Wood Grain

Chamsie Wood Grain

Cedar of Lebonan Wood Grain

Cedar Alaskan Yellow Wood Grain

Cedar Atlantic White Wood Grain

Cedar Eastern Red Wood Grain

Cedar Incense Wood Grain

Cedar Northern White Wood Grain

Cedar Port Orford Wood Grain

Cedar Southern Red Wood Grain

Cedar Western Red Wood Grain

Chechen Wood Grain

Cherry Black Wood Grain

Cherry Sweet Wood Grain

Chestnut American Wood Grain

Chestnut Horse Wood Grain

Chestnut Sweet Wood Grain

Chestnut Wormy Wood Grain

Chinaberry Wood Grain

Chinkapin Giant Wood Grain

Cocobolo Wood Grain

Cocuswood Grain

Coffeetree Wood Grain

Cooba Wood Grain

Cooba River Wood Grain

Coolibah Wood Grain

Cottonwood Black Grain

Cottonwood Eastern Grain

Creekline Miniritchie Wood Grain

Cucumbertree Wood Grain

Cumaru Wood Grain

Curracabah Wood Grain

Curupay Wood Grain

Cypress Australian Wood Grain

Cypress Bald Wood Grain

Cypress Gowen Wood Grain

Cypress Leyland Wood Grain

Cypress Mediterranean Wood Grain

Cypress Mexican Wood Grain

Cypress Monterey Wood Grain

Dalmata Wood Grain

Deglupta Wood Grain

Dogwood Grain

Ebiara Wood Grain

Ebony Black and White Wood Grain

Ebony Brown Wood Grain

Ebony Ceylon Wood Grain

Ebony Gaboon Wood Grain

Ebony Macassar Wood Grain

Ebony Mun Wood Grain

Ebony Texas Wood Grain

Ekki Wood Grain

Elm American Wood Grain

Elm Carpathian (Burl) Wood Grain

Elm Cedar Wood Grain

Elm Dutch Wood Grain

Elm English Wood Grain

Elm Red Wood Grain

Elm Rock Wood Grain

Elm Winged Wood Grain

Elm Wych Wood Grain

Endra Endra Wood Grain

Etimoe Wood Grain

Fir Balsam Wood Grain

Fir Bristlecone Wood Grain

Fir California Red Wood Grain

Fir Douglas Wood Grain

Fir European Silver Wood Grain

Fir Fraser Wood Grain

Fir Grand Wood Grain

Fir Greek Wood Grain

Fir Nikko Wood Grain

Fir Noble Wood Grain

Fir Nordmann Wood Grain

Fir Pacific Silver Wood Grain

Fir Sacred Wood Grain

Fir Spanish Wood Grain

Fir Subalpine Wood Grain

Fir White Wood Grain

Freijo Wood Grain

Garapa Wood Grain

Gidgee Wood Grain

Gidgee Pink Wood Grain

Goncalo Alves Wood Grain

Greenheart Wood Grain

Greenheart Indian Silver Wood Grain

Greywood Grain

Guanacaste Wood Grain

Gum Blue Wood Grain

Gum Lemon-Scented Wood Grain

Gum River Red Wood Grain

Gum Rose Wood Grain

Gum Spotted Wood Grain

Gum Yellow Wood Grain

Hackberry Wood Grain

Hemlock Eastern Wood Grain

Hemlock Mountain Wood Grain

Hemlock Western Wood Grain

Hickory Bitternut Wood Grain

Hickory Mockernut Wood Grain

Hickory Nutmeg Wood Grain

Hickory Pignut Wood Grain

Hickory Shagbark Wood Grain

Hickory Shellbark Wood Grain

Hickory Water Wood Grain

Holly American Wood Grain

Holly Cape Wood Grain

Holly English Wood Grain

Hophornbeam Wood Grain

Hornbeam American Wood Grain

Hornbeam European Wood Grain

Hornbeam Wood Grain

Hububalli Wood Grain

Idigbo Wood Grain

Imbuia Wood Grain

Ipe Wood Grain

Iroko Wood Grain

Ironwood Black Grain

Ironwood Desert Grain

Itin Wood Grain

Jarrah Wood Grain

Jatoba Wood Grain

Jelutong Wood Grain

Jicarillo Wood Grain

Juniper African Wood Grain

Juniper Alligator Wood Grain

Karri Wood Grain

Katalox Wood Grain

Kauri Wood Grain

Kempas Wood Grain

Keruing Wood Grain

Kingwood Grain

Koa Wood Grain

Koa Formosan Wood Grain

Koai’a Wood Grain

Kosso Wood Grain

Koto Wood Grain

Laburnum Wood Grain

Lacewood Grain

Lancewood Grain

Lancewood Brown Grain

Lancewood  Shirley’s Grain

Larch European Wood Grain

Larch Japanese Wood Grain

Larch Western Wood Grain

Lati Wood Grain

Lauan Wood Grain

Laurel Wood Grain

Leadwood Grain

Lebbeck Wood Grain

Lemonwood Grain

Leopardwood Grain

Lightwood Grain

Lignum Vitae Wood Grain

Lilac Wood Grain

Limba Wood Grain

Lime Wood Grain

Locust Black Wood Grain

Locust Honey Wood Grain

Louro Preto Wood Grain

Lyptus Wood Grain

Macacauba Wood Grain

Macadamia Nut Wood Grain

Machiche Wood Grain

Madrone Wood Grain

Magnolia Wood Grain

Mahoe Wood Grain

Mahogany African Wood Grain

Mahogany Cuban Wood Grain

Mahogany Honduran Wood Grain

Mahogany Mexican Wood Grain

Mahogany Mountain Wood Grain

Mahogany Philippine Wood Grain

Mahogany Santos Wood Grain

Mahogany Swamp Wood Grain

Makore Wood Grain

Mallee Brown Wood Grain

Mallee Red Wood Grain

Mangium Wood Grain

Mango Wood Grain

Mansonia Wood Grain

Manzanita Wood Grain

Maple Ambrosia Wood Grain

Maple Bigleaf Wood Grain

Maple Birdseye Wood Grain

Maple Black Wood Grain

Maple Curly Wood Grain

Maple Field Wood Grain

Maple Florida Wood Grain

Maple Hard Wood Grain

Maple Mountain Wood Grain

Maple Norway Wood Grain

Maple Queensland Wood Grain

Maple Quilted Wood Grain

Maple Red Wood Grain

Maple Silver Wood Grain

Maple Soft Wood Grain

Maple Spalted Wood Grain

Maple Striped Wood Grain

Maple Sycamore Wood Grain

Marblewood Grain

Meranti Dark Red Wood Grain

Meranti Light Red Wood Grain

Meranti White Wood Grain

Meranti Yellow Wood Grain

Merbau Wood Grain

Mesquite African Wood Grain

Mesquite Black Wood Grain

Mesquite Honey Wood Grain

Messmate Wood Grain

Mimosa Wood Grain

Moabi Wood Grain

Monkeypod Wood Grain

Monkeythorn Wood Grain

Mopane Wood Grain

Mora Wood Grain

Mora Guatemalan Wood Grain

Movingui Wood Grain

Mulberry Wood Grain

Mulga Wood Grain

Muninga Wood Grain

Mutenye Wood Grain

Myall Wood Grain

Myrtle Wood Grain

Myrtle Tasmanian Wood Grain

Nandubay Wood Grain

Nargusta Wood Grain

Narra Wood Grain

Nyatoh Wood Grain

Oak Black Wood Grain

Oak Bog Wood Grain

Oak Brown Wood Grain

Oak Bur Wood Grain

Oak California Black Wood Grain

Oak Cherrybark Wood Grain

Oak Chestnut Wood Grain

Oak English Wood Grain

Oak Holm Wood Grain

Oak Japanese Wood Grain

Oak Laurel Wood Grain

Oak Live Wood Grain

Oak Oregon White Wood Grain

Oak Overcup Wood Grain

Oak Pin Wood Grain

Oak Post Wood Grain

Oak Red Wood Grain

Oak Scarlet Wood Grain

Oak Sessile Wood Grain

Oak Shumard Wood Grain

Oak Southern Red Wood Grain

Oak Swamp Chestnut Wood Grain

Oak Swamp White Wood Grain

Oak Turkey Wood Grain

Oak Water Wood Grain

Oak White Wood Grain

Oak Willow Wood Grain

Obeche Wood Grain

Ohia Wood Grain

Okoume Wood Grain

Olive Wood Grain

Olive Russian Wood Grain

Opepe Wood Grain

Osage Orange Wood Grain

Osage Orange Argentine Wood Grain

Ovangkol Wood Grain

Padauk African Wood Grain

Padauk Andaman Wood Grain

Padauk Burma Wood Grain

Paldao Wood Grain

Palm Black Wood Grain

Palm Red Wood Grain

Pang Panga Wood Grain

Patridgewood Grain

Pau Ferro Wood Grain

Pau Rosa Wood Grain

Pau Santo Wood Grain

Paulownia Wood Grain

Pear Wood Grain

Pecan Wood Grain

Pericopsis Wood Grain

Peroba Rosa Wood Grain

Persimmon Wood Grain

Pheasantwood Grain

Pine Austrain Wood Grain

Pine Caribbean Wood Grain

Pine Eastern White Wood Grain

Pine Hoop Wood Grain

Pine Huon Wood Grain

Pine Jack Wood Grain

Pine Jaffrey Wood Grain

Pine Khasi Wood Grain

Pine Limber Wood Grain

Pine Loblolly Wood Grain

Pine Lodgepole Wood Grain

Pine Longleaf Wood Grain

Pine Maritime Wood Grain

Pine Norfolk Island Wood Grain

Pine Ocote Wood Grain

Pine Parana Wood Grain

Pine Patula Wood Grain

Pine Pinyon Wood Grain

Pine Pitch Wood Grain

Pine Pond Wood Grain

Pine Ponderosa Wood Grain

Pine Radiata Wood Grain

Pine Red Wood Grain

Pine Sand Wood Grain

Pine Scots Wood Grain

Pine Shortleaf Wood Grain

Pine Slash Wood Grain

Pine Spruce Wood Grain

Pine Sugar Wood Grain

Pine Sumatran Wood Grain

Pine Table Mountain Wood Grain

Pine VirginiaWood Grain

Pine Western White Wood Grain

Pink Ivory Wood Grain

Pistachio Wood Grain

Plane Wood Grain

Plum Wood Grain

Poplar Wood Grain

Poplar Balsam Wood Grain

Poplar Black Wood Grain

Poplar Rainbow Wood Grain

Poplar White Wood Grain

Primavera Wood Grain

Prosopis Juliflora Wood Grain

Purpleheart Wood Grain

Pyinma Wood Grain

Quebracho Wood Grain

Queenwood Grain

Quina Wood Grain

Ramin Wood Grain

Rasberry Jam Wood Grain

Redheart Wood Grain

Red Wood Grain

Rengas Wood Grain

Rosewood Amazon Grain

Rosewood Brazilian Grain

Rosewood Burmese Grain

Rosewood East Indian Grain

Rosewood Honduran Grain

Rosewood Madagascar Grain

Rosewood Siamese Grain

Rosewood Tiete Grain

Rosewood Yucatan Grain

Rowan Wood Grain

Rubberwood Grain

Salwood Brown Grain

Sapele Wood Grain

Sapodilla Wood Grain

Sassafras Wood Grain

Sassafras Blackheart Wood Grain

Satinwood East Indian Grain

Satinwood West Indian Grain

Sheoak Wood Grain

Shittim Wood Grain

Silky Oak Northern Wood Grain

Silky Oak Southern Wood Grain

Sissoo Wood Grain

Snakewood Grain

Sourwood Grain

Spruce Black Wood Grain

Spruce Engelmann Wood Grain

Spruce Norway Wood Grain

Spruce Red Wood Grain

Spruce Sitka Wood Grain

Spruce White Wood Grain

Stinkwood Grain

Sugi Wood Grain

Sumac Staghorn Wood Grain

Sweetbay Wood Grain

Sweetgum Wood Grain

Sycamore Wood Grain

Tamarack Wood Grain

Tamarind Wood Grain

Tambootie Wood Grain

Tanoak Wood Grain

Tatajuba Wood Grain

Teak Wood Grain

Teak Rhodesian Wood Grain

Thuya Wood Grain

Tigre Caspi Wood Grain

Timborana Wood Grain

Tineo Wood Grain

Tornillo Wood Grain

Tulipwood Grain

Tupelo Black Wood Grain

Tupelo Water Wood Grain

Turpentine Wood Grain

Tzalam Wood Grain

Utile Wood Grain

Verawood Grain

Waddywood Grain

Walnut African Wood Grain

Walnut Bastogne Wood Grain

Walnut Black Wood Grain

Walnut Claro Wood Grain

Walnut English Wood Grain

Walnut New Guinea Wood Grain

Walnut Peruvian Wood Grain

Walnut Queensland Wood Grain

Wamara Wood Grain

Wattle Black Wood Grain

Wattle Cootamundra Wood Grain

Wattle Earpod Wood Grain

Wattle Golden Wood Grain

Wattle Green Wood Grain

Wattle Ironwood Wood Grain

Wattle Silver Wood Grain

Wattle Spear Wood Grain

Wenge Wood Grain

Willow Black Wood Grain

Willow Crack Wood Grain

Willow Diamond Wood Grain

Willow White Wood Grain

Yarran Wood Grain

Yellowheart Wood Grain

Yew English Wood Grain

Yew Pacific Wood Grain

Zebrawood Grain

Ziricote Wood Grain

Zitan Wood

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